Know About Stair Parts


Get to know the architecturally designed parts of a stair!

We believe beauty and artistry for specialized stairs can only be achieved with the right style of railings. While constructing stairs, one must pick the right material to give a wonderful impression. What will you notice if you visit a building or your friend’s house first? We will surely notice the entrance area and if it leads to the stairs, we will see how well-maintained it is. Styles and trends come and go with time, but the basic design of a staircase remains the same. It serves a functional purpose with the best visual impact on visitors of the building or house. We have created beautiful staircases keeping our client’s preferences in mind, from the traditional and minimalist to the contemporary.


There are various parts of a staircase functioning efficiently. From a riser to the newel caps, get to know them by the following details.

  • Thread:

Select from a wide range of designs to suit your interior taste!

The parts of a stair comprise the horizontal part known as the tread. It is an integral part of the staircase. You will find a straight tread and a convex tread on your stairs. The straight tread has a nosing without any increased front edge curve. On the other hand, the convex tread has a curved front between the two stringers. 

  • Step:

Gain all the inspiration you need from the various options!

We go through the staircase by steps. Have you ever realized what makes a step? The combination of tread and riser lets you ascend and descend from different floors. 

  • Rise:

Create streamlined designs with perfectly shaped risers!

It is the vertical height between two consecutive treads. It may be completely closed or open, depending on the style of the stair.

  • Newel posts:

Rich and dark shades of timber add a pop to your staircase! 

They are the large posts at the foot and the top of stairs or at the key junctures of a staircase supporting the handrail. You can find them in a great variety including box newels and turned newels which are box-shaped and curved, respectively.

  • Newel cap:

This is the decorative top section of a newel post!

The newel caps provide an attractive finish in the form of a square, acorn, or hand-carved design. 

  • Spindles and baluster:

Their quality materials play center stage in your staircase designs! 

They are used for smaller posts fixed vertically at the edge of a staircase to enclose it properly. The balusters or spindles are individual timber, metal, and masonry members to provide support. They are often the most decorative part of a staircase, fixed to a base rail, and sit directly on the stair tread. 

  • Landing:

The parts of a stair railing personalize your staircase with a specific color palette!

It is a horizontal platform between two successive flights of stairs. The landing is used as a resting place during stair usage. Landing extends for full width known as a half-space landing, and the one with half the width as a quarter-space landing. 

  • Base rail:

Enhance the appearance of your stair with base rails of bold styles!

The base rail sits underneath the balusters on the string and continues along with the landing. You can find them in three types.

  • Grooved base rail:

 The grooved base rails have a groove running through the center of the rail with a size of 32mm or 41mm. 

  • Un-grooved base rails:

They are solid, designed with metal spindles, and get screwed directly on the rail. 

  • Glass grooved base rails:

It has a deep channel running the length of the rail positioned accurately onto the stair, ensuring the spindles and handrail sit correctly. 

  • Stair nosing:

Let them know about your staircase for its refined design!

Transform the basic look of your stairs with detailed carvings and bold proportions. It is used in most staircases to make the edge of each stair look more visible and less slippery. 

  • Closed or cut string staircase:

The contemporary look pleases the visitor’s eyes!

It is the part of a staircase that is small and inclined, providing support to the steps. 

The closed string is a simple design used for straight spirals with enough detail to contribute to the features of the staircase. The cut string staircase can change a hallway or room through its treads and risers mitered back into the string. You can also find mono stringers supported on a single beam offering modern and appealing looks.

  • Walking line:

Create a sense of warmth and welcome to showcase individuality through design and detail!

It is an imaginary line located about 40 cm from the center of the handrail. The walking line is a line of movement of people on the stairs going up or down. 

  • Spandrel:

Who would have thought that numerous components make up a staircase?

 The parts of a stair step contribute to the real statement and range in styles. It is an odd-shaped architectural feature that refers to paneling under the sloping sections of a stair providing space. A spandrel is a triangular framing under the outside of the string of an open-string stair.

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